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Vizsgálódás a nemzeti vagyonosság természetérol és okairó. [i.e. An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, translated by Enyedi Lukács and Pólya Jakab, with introduction by Gyula Kautz]. 5 vols. - [FIRST HUNGARIAN TRANSLATION OF 'WEALTH OF NATIONS']


Budapest, Pallas Irodalmi és Nyomdai Részvénytársaság, 1891-1894. 4to. Bound in four uniform contemporary half cloth bindings with red title-labels to spines. With a few occassional marginal annotation. Last ten leaves of volume 1 with a few tears. Otherwise a fine set. lxxv, [1], 4, 376 pp; [4], 235, [1], iii, [1] pp.; [4], 414, ii pp.;[4], 409, [1], vii, [1] pp.

The exceedingly rare first Hungarian edition of Adam Smith's lardmark work 'Wealth of Nations', constituting one of the very earliest Eastern-European translations of the work (Polish 1927; Czech 1928; Romanian 1934)."Polya, although a lawyer, had a particular interest in economics and a sufficient grasp of English through his work with an international insurance firm to be able to cope with Smith's English text. For the present translation, he collaborated with the Hungarian civil servant Lukács Enyedi (1845-1906), who played a significant role in the promotion of economics as an independent discipline in Hungarian universities." (National Library of Scotland). The noted economist, politician and banker Gyula Kautz (1829-1909) made a lengthy introduction to the present work, which later was published separately. In it he describes Smith's life and work, and his position as the "founder of economic science", putting his work into its historical context and offering a critical appraisal of his significance and his influence on 19th century economics and political theorists. Kautz was governor-general of the central bank of Hungary (the Osztrák-Magyar Bank) from 1893-1900, and the economics department of Budapest University is today named after him.OCLC only locates one copy (In The National Library of Scotland which states that the only other known copy of this translation is located at the Hungarian National Library).Not in any of the major bibliographies.

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