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Des maladies mentales considérées sous les rapports médical, hygiénique et médico-légal (+) Atlas de 2' Planches. - [FIRST MODERN TEXTBOOK OF PSYCHIATRY]


Paris, J.B. Baillière, 1838. 8vo. 3 volumes (2 text-volumes and 1 atlas), all unopened, uncut, and in the original printed wrappers. The 2 text volumes with soiling to extremities and book-blocks with a clean split down the middle (still intact and nothing missing). Spines with nicks and chips and top of spine on volume 2 lacking small piece of paper affecting author's name. Atlas-volume lacking paper on spine (but sewing still holding tight) and 5x2 cm of outer margin of front wrapper. Overall a fine and clean set in the original condition. [Vol. 1:] XVIII, 678; [Vol. 2:] (4), 864 pp. [Atlas-vol.:] (4) + 27 engraved plates (1 folding).

First edition, in extremely rare original condition - uncut, unopened, and in the original wrappers -, of this seminal first modern textbook of psychiatry. With the present work, Esquirol was the first to apply statistical methods in the clinical study of madness, famously making the first distinction between hallucinations and illusions. Together with Pinel, he founded the French school of psychiatry. "Esquirol really represents the beginning of all classification in psychiatry." (A Historical Dictionary of Psychiatry). The accompanying atlas constitutes the first important iconography of the insane."He published Des maladies mentales (Mental Maladies) in 1838, only two years before his death. In that treatise, Esquirol tries to classify different types of mental disorders. Chapter VIII is entitled "De la lypémanie ou mélancolie," and tries to rephrase and to medicalize the concept of melancholy. Esquirol replaces "melancholy" with a term that will shape mental alienations studies for a long time: monomania. Esquirol creates the term lypemania to signify a type of depressive monomania. Lypemania is hereditary, and affects subjects with "un tempérament mélancolique." (Brown University Library). Jean-Étienne Esquirol (1772-1840) was one of Philippe Pinel's students at Salpêtrière. Economically financed by Pinel (father of what today is referred to as moral therapy and instrumental in the development of a more humane psychological approach to psychiatric patients), Esquirol, in 1801, established a private asylum, maison de santé. Like Pinel, Esquirol believed in the positive effects of isolation from the outside world and felt that this would contribute greatly to distracting the patient from the previously unhealthy passions that had ruled his or her life. Esquirol put into operation Pinel's notion of the therapeutic community: Patients and physicians lived as community members in a psychiatric setting. Whereas Pinel believed that manic forms of mental illness were caused by the stomach, Esquirol adopted Gall's theory of cerebral localization, and believed that all forms of mental illness could be located in the brain. Esquirol believed that mental disorders resulted from unbalanced passions, and he urged the government to create appropriate structures for the curing of the mentally ill which - mainly because of the present publication - resulted in the national law of 1838 that instituted departmental asylums for all needy French mental patients, which is still in force today.Esquirol's 'Maladies mentales', remained a basic psychiatric text for over half a century and is still today regarded as one of the fundamental works in modern psychiatry.Garrison-Morton 4798Norman 724Brunet II, 7319

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