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TÄNTZER, JOHANN. - [ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT BOOKS ON HUNTING EVER PRINTED]

Der Dianen hohe und niedere Jagdgeheimnüss/ Darinnen Die gantze Jagt-Wissenschaft Auszführlich zubefinden/ Und zwar In diesem Ersten Theil/ Wie die Wälder und Höltzungen müssen versehen seyn/ Das allerhand Jagd-Lusten darinnen können vorgestellet werden; dann von den Thieren/ ihrer Eigenschaft, von deren Jugend an/ bis ins Alter/ welche in Teutchland und den angräntzenden Reichen zu befinden. Nach welchen/ Das übrige in noch unterschiedlichen Theilen folget/ Mit grosser Arbeit inventieret und beschrieben. Und auff seine selbst-eigene Unkosten heraus gegeben/ Am Tage Bartholomae Anno 1682. 3 volumes (all).

lyn53840

Koppenhagen/Copenhagen, Conrad Hartwig Neuhoff/ Joachim Schmedtgen, (1682)/1686/1689. Folio. All three volumes bound in one contemporary full mottled calf with five raised bands to richly gilt spine. Wear to hinges and corners, but fine and tight. Capitals worn and with small professional restorations. Internally occasional dampstaining, but oevrall very well preserved. Old catalogue entries taped in to inside of front board and front free end-paper with a re-enforcement to hinge and a tape-strip down the middle. A few leaves with small marginal tears, and one plate (the second in vol. II) with a closed tear. One further plate with a small tear and one leaf with a small marginal repair. 140; (4), 136, (4); (8), 132, (2) pp. Richly illustrated throughout, with ab. 150 large engravings (many double-full-page), in good impressions (which is very rare for the present work).

The collation is quite confusing, as all the illustrations are part of the pagination, also the full-page plates; furthermore, the plates are only paginated on one side. The full collation follows below.

Vol. I: Engraved title-leaf with hunting scenes, title-page, pp. 3-5: Dedication for King Christian V, pp. 6-16: Preface, pp. 17-140: the text, with illustrations, containing 114 engravings in the text (almost all ab. 1/3 page) and 10 double-page engraved plates (numbered on one side only).
Vol. II: Engraved title-leaf (with different motiv than the first), title-page printed in red and black, pp. 1-2: Dedication to Prince Frederich, pp. 3-136: the text, with 15 double-page engraved plates (numbered on one side only), followed by two unnumbered leaves of index.
Vol. III: Engraved title-leaf (differeing from the two others), title-page printed in red and black, three unnumbered leaves with: Dedication for King Christian V (five pages) and preface (1 page), the text is paginated pp. 3-132, with 14 double-page engraved plates (numbered on one side only), followed by one unnumbered leaf of index (Thesaurus mentions only 10 plates and no index). ¶ The exceedingly scarce first edition, first issue of all three parts of one of the most important hunting books ever printed, being one of the most original hunting books of all time, the most comprehensive German book of hunting from the 17th century, and the first book on hunting printed in Denmark.

The magnificent and very richly illustrated work, paid for by the author himself, is one of the most interesting, curios and original books of its kind ever published. As opposed to virtually all other litterature on hunting from the period, Täntzer's great work is not based upon any other sources whatsoever. It is much more than the usual compilation of earlier material on the subject with some added obesrvations, which is normal for the period; it is that rare gem of a wholly original work on hunting. As such, it occupies an almost unique position, and as Lindner states is "unparallelled in hunting litterature" ("ohne Parallelle im Jagdlichen Schrifttum - Lindner, p. 92). Täntzer's sole purpose ist to disseminate his own empirically gathered knowledge according to his personally developed, original system. Every single word (apart from a few references tot he Bible) are his own, and as such, the work is totally unique.

The work also contains an original list of technical hunting terms that is of great importance to the history of hunting terms.

The greater second part of volume one constitutes a very amusing and comprehensive scientific survey of hunting animals, in which all hairy animals are originally described by Täntzer. "Wir haben mit diesen Kapitels des Täntzerschen Werkes eine wirklich reichhaltige, im Gegensatz zu anderen Partien recht lebendig geschriebene, oft von eigenen Erlebnissen und Feststellungen gewüzte originelle Jagdtierkunde vor uns." (Lindner, p. 94).

The second part of the work is also of the greatest importance to hunting history, as it is here that Täntzer describes the tools and techniques used for hunting. Before Täntzer, these had only been very sparsely and ramdomly described, whereas Täntzer describes them extremely thoroughly and thus creates a whole new part of hunting litterature. As Lindner writes, Tänntzer has erected a monument for all later ages, "as no history of German hunting technique in the 17th century can be written without constantly taking into consideration Täntzer's testimony. ("...hat sich Täntzer ein Denkmal für alle Zeiten gesetzt, denn man kann keine Geschichte der deutschen Jagdtechnik im 17. Jahrhundert schreiben, ohne sich immer wieder af Täntzers Zeugnis zu berufen" - Lindner, p. 94).

With an unparallelled thoroughness, Täntzer describes all kinds of nets and other materials and tools used for the hunting of game, predators, wolves, foxes, hares, rodents, etc., and he thorougly instructs on the use, application, measuring, manufacturing, and care of all these hunting materials. The same applies to traps for bears and all other imaginable hunting equipment.

This unparalleled treatment of hunting equipment is of the greatest importance to the history of hunting. As stated by Lindner "we know of no other depition in European hunting litterature at any time throughout the ages, which is comparable to Täntzer's treatment in regard to detail and pecision." ("Wir kennen keine Abbildung in der Europäischen Jagdlitteratur jener Zeit, die sich hinsichtlich Ausführlichkeit und Genauigkeit mit Täntzers Darstellung messen kann, wobei die oft schwierigen technischen Vorgänge durch eine Fülle zur Erläuterung beigegebener Kupfterstiche dem Leser verständlich gemacht werden. An unseren Augen zieht das ganze Arsenal eines reich ausgestatteten fürstlichen Jägerhofes vorüber." - Lindner, p. 95).

Part three consists partly in a thorough description of hunting dogs and partly (chapters 18 to 95) in a thorough description of Täntzer's self-developed and wholly original kind of "perforce"-hunting.

The illustrations for the first part are mainly by Antony Mathysen and those for the two other parts are by Frederik Ernst Wedel. The impressions are of very varied quality and many copies have very weak prints. In fact, some of them were so weak, that in many copies Täntzer inserted stronger impressions covering the weaker ones.

The first edition of the work - especially the first part - is of the utmost scarcity. The first part in the original 1682-priniting, printed in Copenhagen, was printed in small numbers and seems to have quickly sold out. In 1686 and 1789 respectively, parts two and three appeared, and in 1699 a second edition of part one appeared, printed in Germany, presumably to be sold with the first editions of the two latter parts. Thus, almost all known copies of the work have the first part in the inferior second edition.

In the second edition, the text has been separated from the illustrations, and it does not measure up to the first edition in neither beauty nor whole. The second edition also has fewer illustrations, as some of them were omitted.
In 1734 a new edition appeared, also printed in Germany, being the third edition of the first volume and second edition of volumes two and three. Although also very sought-after, this edition is inferior to the first, as it completely alters Täntzer's carefully chosen layout of the work and omits his personal commentaries that accompanied the first edition.

Kurt Lindner: Deutsche Jagdschriftsteller I: Biographische und bibliographische Studien.

Thesaurus: 688.

134 746 SEK

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